IonFlow Bipolar electrophoretic equipment V.7


In our choice there are three different electrophoretic (iontophoretic, ionophoretic) systems. This page describes the IonFlow Bipolar iontophoretic equipment. Our other electrophoretic products are IonFlow Modular, and IonFlow Pro families. All of them are up-to-date, easy to use, highly reliable, microprocessor-controlled constructions. We manufacture three different ionophoretic families, because the three product lines are optimized for different application fields. Please read through the appropriate descriptions for the details.


IonFlow Bipolar is a single-channel, high-voltage, general purpose electrophoretic equipment for microelectrode research applications.


    Click on the picture to get it in full size


IonFlow Bipolar is optimized to apply tracer solutions in tissues, and tissue slices. Furthermore it is very effective for in-vivo, and in-vitro situations, and for single cell experiments. IonFlow Bipolar can be used efficiently to apply tracers, drugs, and any other solutions from micropipettes.


The electrophoresis (which collective word covers the effects of ionophoresis and electro-osmosis) offers a comfortable opportunity to pass medicines, and/or other chemical substances into any conductive organs (e.g. the human body through the surface of the skin, or directly into tissue cultures) in correctly measured small quantities with electric current. During ionophoresis the ions move due to an electric potential field. The non-ionic substances can be passed similarly with electro-osmosis. The substances, which are designed in the pharmaceutical factories for human electrophoretic purposes meet these requirement. The solutions used in research labs should be designed according to these facts. The quantity of substances passed from the electrode can be controlled exactly by two parameters: the current and time of the electrophoresis.


Our electrophoretic equipments offer high accuracy due to their microprocessor-based, fully digital internal electronic design. Since we use state-of-the-art electronic components, and extremely thorough quality checking during the manufacturing process, the reliability of our products is delicious. IonFlow Bipolar has got menu-driven internal software (firmware), so it is very easy to learn how to use it.


IonFlow Bipolar can be ordered with one of the power supplies described below. You should specify the type of the power supply in the order:


1) Electronic floating power supply. The floating power supply avoids the hum noise, but generates some switching noise. If you plan to record electric signals simultaneously with another microelectrode from the living tissue, we do not suggest to order IonFlow Bipolar with floating power supply.


2) High voltage battery pack. Battery supplied IonFlow Bipolar avoids the hum noise and does not generate any electronic noise or disturbance. This kind of power supply is designed for such applications, where a signal recording task is running simultaneously with another microelectrode, which is even located close to the electrophoretic electrode. Battery supplied IonFlow Bipolar is absolutely "quiet" electronically. The only disadvantage (it is just a financial drawback) is, that you should order a Battery Manager equipment, as well. Battery Manager is described in detail on the web page of BioStim stimulator.



Operating modes:


Positive External Control: free control capability from an external device (such as a computer), or from the Start push-button on the front panel


Negative External Control: same as Positive External Control function, with opposite polarity of output current


Positive Timer: Programmable interval timer running in software in the range of 10 sec to 990 sec, with 10 sec of resolution. The polarity of the output current is positive


Negative Timer: same as Positive Timer function, with opposite polarity of output current


Programmable Alternating: continuous, square wave, alternating current at the output. The positive, and the negative period in the cycle can be programmed in the range of 1 sec to 59 sec, with 1 sec of resolution. The positive, and the negative current amplitudes can be set independently of each other.



Technical data:


The selectable ranges of the output current:  0-1 uA

                                                                  0-100 uA

                                                                  0-10 mA


Compliance voltage of the current generator: 120 V


Worst-case error of the output current generator: < 5 %


The output current can be set independently for the positive, and for the negative polarity, with scaled, 10-turn, precision helical potmeters


Resolution of the helical potmeters: 0.1 %


True output current indicator: there is a floating LCD digital panelmeter, with backlight, on the front plate. It shows the real output current in the percents of the actual range (full scale readout is 100.0 %).


Resolution of the true output current indicator: 0.1 %


Worst-case error of the true output current indicator: < 5 %


Worst-case error of the timing parameters generated by the built-in microcontroller with firmware: < 0.2 %


Mains supply voltage: 115 VAC, or 230 VAC. It should be specified in the order. The actual supply voltage is sealed at the back side of the equipment.


Tolerance of the mains supply voltage referring to the nominal value: 10 %


Mains frequency: 50 60 Hz


Internal power supplies: mains frequency power supply with isolation voltage security of 4 kV (guaranteed by the manufacturer of the mains transformer), and an additional internal floating power source with isolation capacitance < 10 pF


Display: 2 x 16 characters alphanumeric LCD with bright green backlight


Programming: three function-buttons, and a Start push-button on the front plate, in menu system


Automatic internal diagnostic algorithm in the software


Flash program memory


Non-volatile EEPROM memory to store the parameters used last time


Dimensions of the instrument: 290 x 250 x 90 mm


Weight: 2.0 kg



The Downloadable specification of the IonFlow Bipolar equipment is available.


The complete User Manual of the IonFlow Bipolar electrophoretic equipment is available.


Picture gallery of the IonFlow Bipolar:


            Click on the picture to get it in full size